By Ayaz Mughal
Sometime we observe someone around us in an odd, uncharacteristic, peculiar behavior, shouting gratuitously, wearing ragged clothes, throwing stones, behaving violently, lunatic, children teasing him etc. We immediately characterize him as insane, mad, psychotic and mentally ill. We laugh at him, avoid going closer to him, forbid our kids to interact with him etc. That’s certain signs indicated by him which make us think this way. We consider ourselves as mentally robust, yes we are, but not in all cases. We could be mentally patient in certain ways without being observed by us. We never attempted to analyze, diagnose and realize a mentally i
ll individual within us who behaves in an unusual manner. It is terrible to learn that more than six crores persons in India are suffering from some kind of mental illness like depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, suicidal tendency, excessive fear or worry, bipolar mood disorder, panic disorders, persistent nightmares, personality disorders, dementia, traum, eating disorders, Substance Abuse & Addiction, Delusions or hallucinations. There are more than 200 classified mental illnesses. Anxiety and depressive disorder are most common mental health problems among us. There is no equipment to diagnose the level and category of mental illness. Only the symptoms can reflect the presence of unusual state of being which may include changes in mood, personality, erratic thinking, personal habits, social withdrawal, chronic anxiety, exaggerated sense of self-worth, impulsive actions, poor performance in school and offices, loneliness, isolation etc.
The exact cause of the mental illness is unknown but research has founded that cause of these conditions are combination of biological, social, psychological and environmental factors. From a student not performing good in studies to an employee carrying out duties poorly, pressure of competition among students, stress of admission in IIT, MBBS, Engineering etc., anxiety among unemployed youth, alienation, business rivalries etc are factors which are conditions which may lead to mental disorders.
In modern era where technologies are occupying most of the spaces around us and life is putting on fast track, people don’t realize it or they are not prepared to admit it.
Individuals themselves begin to recognize small changes or a feeling that “something is not quite right” about their thinking, feelings or behavior before one of these illnesses appears in its full-blown form.